Do I Have To Pay Business Rates If I Run A Business From Home?

  • John A. Osborne
  • Apr 20, 2023
Small Business Insurance Connecticut

Running a business from home can come with many benefits, including minimal overhead costs and the convenience of working in a familiar environment. However, many home-based business owners wonder whether they are required to pay business rates, which are local taxes assessed on commercial properties. The answer is not straightforward, and it depends on several factors.

In this article, we will explore the ins and outs of business rates and whether or not you need to pay them when running a business from home. We will discuss the criteria that determine whether or not business rates apply, as well as the various exemptions and reliefs available to home-based businesses.

Criteria for Paying Business Rates

Business rates are applied to commercial properties and are calculated based on the rateable value of the property. The rateable value is determined by the Valuation Office Agency (VOA) and represents the open market rental value of the property on a certain date.

If you run a business from home, you may be required to pay business rates if:

  • Your property is not considered a domestic dwelling
  • Your property is used solely or mainly for business purposes
  • Your property is not exempt from business rates

If your property meets these criteria, you may be required to pay business rates, even if you only use a small portion of your home for business purposes.

Exemptions for Home-Based Businesses

If you use your home for business purposes but do not meet the criteria for business rates, you may be eligible for an exemption. Some of the most common exemptions for home-based businesses include:

  • Small Business Rate Relief: If your property has a rateable value below a certain threshold, you may be eligible for relief on your business rates.
  • Working from Home Allowance: If you work from home but do not use a separate room exclusively for business purposes, you may be able to claim a portion of your household expenses, such as heating and electricity, as a tax deduction.
  • Transitional Relief: If your business rates increase significantly due to a revaluation, you may be eligible for transitional relief to help ease the burden of the rate increase.

Calculating Business Rates for Home-Based Businesses

If you are required to pay business rates for your home-based business, you will need to calculate the rateable value of your property. This can be done by contacting the VOA and requesting a valuation. Once you have the rateable value, you can use it to calculate your business rates using the appropriate multiplier for your location.

It’s important to note that if you have a separate workspace or outbuilding on your property that is used exclusively for business purposes, it may be considered a separate commercial property and be subject to its own business rates.


Running a business from home can be a great way to save on overhead costs and enjoy the comfort of working from your own space. However, it’s important to understand whether or not you are required to pay business rates and what exemptions and reliefs may be available to you.

If you’re unsure about whether you need to pay business rates for your home-based business, it’s a good idea to contact your local council or a tax professional for guidance.

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